Eye Health

If you are a new or existing patient, please contact one of our offices for an appointment:

  • 198 St. Anne’s Road, Winnipeg; 204-255-3990 or
  • 1640 Pembina Highway, Winnipeg; 204-452-2137

Eye examinations are recommended on a regular basis to ensure optimum visual efficiency and comfort, and to rule out any eye disease. Eye care should begin at an early age; we recommend every child should have their eyes examined by an optometrist before the age of three. Some eye problems, such as lazy eye, can be corrected if caught early on. It is particularly important for children to have an eye examination before they begin school as undetected vision problems can cause learning difficulties.

Depending on your family or personal history, examinations may be required every few months or on a routine maintenance cycle of once every one to two years. A typical examination starts with a review of your case history:

  • your main reason for the eye exam
  • medications
  • work history
  • specialized needs
  • family history
glasses_on_paper

eye_examNext your pupil reflexes are tested and the entire external area of your eyes is checked with a biological microscope.

The interior of your eyes will be examined for any abnormalities or signs of cataracts, macular degeneration or retinal problems. Your eye pressure will be tested to determine whether or not glaucoma is developing. Your eyes will also be checked for any hint of systemic diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes or multiple sclerosis.

If any vision problem is detected, the optometrist then determines what prescription is required to correct it. A combination of objective and subjective means is used to establish which lens prescription will give you the clearest vision. Objective measurements are obtained with an autorefractor and retinoscope. However, your responses to the use of a phoropter (with which the optometrist tests your vision with a selection of different corrective lenses) is also a key indicator.

photoropter
Phoropter with corrective lenses

An examination also includes eye muscle function tests to determine how well your eyes work together and if they point in the same direction.

The testing of your peripheral vision may also be required:

  • for motor vehicle operation
  • to detect and monitor glaucoma
  • to check for blind spots in peripheral vision caused by strokes
  • to detect or monitor neurological and vascular problems.
eye_exam_machine
Retinal camera

Retinal photography, which takes a digital image of the posterior retina, may be employed to detect subtle changes in the retina over time. It is useful in the monitoring of diabetic or glaucoma changes.