With two locations in Winnipeg, Family Optical is committed to promoting eye health and eye care. We aim to provide an eye doctor in Winnipeg that cares about the visual health of you and your children. We offer eye exams, ocular health evaluations, visual field and OCT scans, and more. There are many different eye problems that can affect a person over their life and we want to help resolve them as quickly and painlessly as possible. If you are experiencing any trouble at all with your vision, blurriness, discomfort, or anything else, we recommend getting an examination immediately. Contact us today to book your appointment.
Eye examinations are recommended on a regular basis to ensure optimum visual efficiency and comfort and to rule out any eye disease. Eye care should begin at an early age; we recommend every child should have their eyes examined by an optometrist before the age of three. Some eye problems, such as lazy eye, can be corrected if caught early on. It is particularly important for children to have an eye examination before they begin school as undetected vision problems can cause learning difficulties.
Depending on your family or personal history, examinations may be required every few months or on a routine maintenance cycle of once every one to two years. A typical examination starts with a review of your case history:
Next, your pupil reflexes are tested and the entire external area of your eyes is checked with a biological microscope.
The interior of your eyes will be examined for any abnormalities or signs of cataracts, macular degeneration or retinal problems. Your eye pressure will be tested to determine whether or not glaucoma is developing. Your eyes will also be checked for any hint of systemic diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes or multiple sclerosis.
If any vision problem is detected, the optometrist then determines what prescription is required to correct it. A combination of objective and subjective means is used to establish which lens prescription will give you the clearest vision. Objective measurements are obtained with an autorefractor and retinoscope. However, your responses to the use of a phoropter (with which the optometrist tests your vision with a selection of different corrective lenses) are also a key indicator.
An examination also includes eye muscle function tests to determine how well your eyes work together and if they point in the same direction.
The testing of your peripheral vision may also be required:
Retinal photography, which takes a digital image of the posterior retina, may be employed to detect subtle changes in the retina over time. It is useful in the monitoring of diabetic or glaucoma changes.
An optical coherence tomography (OCT) scan uses modern imaging techniques to obtain a sub-surface image. It’s essentially an “optical ultrasound” that provides a cross-sectional image. It is useful in optical health because it can create a very detailed picture of the patient’s eye.
Children’s Eye Health
Eye care should begin at an early age, particularly if you notice anything unusual about your child’s eyes or about how they use their vision or if there is a family history of eye problems.
In fact, we recommend every child should have their eyes examined by an optometrist before the age of three; some eye problems, such as lazy eye, can be corrected if caught early on.
It is particularly important for children to have an eye examination before they begin school as undetected vision problems can cause learning difficulties.
You are able to see because the front part of the eye, the cornea, is able to bend (refract) light and direct it to the retina, the back part of the eye. When your eyes are functioning well, the point of focus on a distant object will fall on the retina at the back of the eye (emmetropic vision).
You will not require glasses or contact lenses. The focal point falls on the retina, producing clear vision.
Myopia (being near-sighted) means the focal point falls in front of the retina and you see only near objects clearly.
Hyperopia (being far-sighted) means the focal point falls behind the retina and you see objects that are farther away clearly.
Symptoms of eye problems can vary considerably but can include blurred vision, squinting, tired or red eyes, headaches, difficulty reading, tilting of the head, exaggerated blinking and light sensitivity. Other common eye conditions include:
Astigmatism occurs when the eye is no longer round or spherical. When the curve of the eye is somewhat flattened, sharp focus is no longer possible.
Presbyopia results from natural aging of the eyes. The crystalline lens of the eye hardens, which necessitates reading glasses, bifocals, or progressives.
Amblyopia or lazy eye is an eye that has reduced function due to a strabismus (turned eye) or a very different prescription from one eye to the other. It must be treated early in life, before the age of three, with glasses or the wearing of a patch over the good eye, to strengthen the weaker eye.
Strabismus or crossed-eyes occur when eye muscles direct one or both eyes the wrong way. Some cases can be controlled with eyeglasses; others require surgery.
Muscle imbalance is a micro-turned eye where the two eyes do not coordinate together perfectly; this can be corrected with special lenses.
A cataract is a clouding of the crystalline lens that causes hazy vision, light ‘flare’ at night, and more sensitivity to sunlight. The cataract will be monitored until your vision is compromised enough to warrant referral to a surgical specialist. Post-surgical follow-up and prescription changes are usually required.
Glaucoma is a loss of peripheral vision due to optic nerve damage usually associated with a rise in intraocular pressure. It can occur without noticeable symptoms and is usually found in more than one family member. Early detection and treatment is essential; treatment usually begins with pressure-lowering drops.
Age-related macular degeneration causes the loss of central vision. People with a family history are approximately three times more likely to be affected; smokers are six times more likely. Dry macular degeneration is most common and is treated with nutritional supplements (effective in approximately 70% of cases). Wet (leaking, bleeding) cases happen quickly and can be catastrophic; immediate referral to an ophthalmologist is required at the first signs of wet macular degeneration. It may be treated with newer, injectable medications.
Systemic Diseases – the effects on blood vessels and nerves by systemic diseases, such as hypertension, diabetes, and multiple sclerosis can be seen through the pupil and therefore diagnosed and monitored.
All of these conditions in the early stages have very few symptoms, hence the need for regular eye examinations.